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Thursday, 11 August 2011

NASA Rocket Arrives at Jupiter in 2016

Juno, the NASA spacecraft began its journey to Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system. If nothing gets in the way the unmanned aircraft will arrive at Jupiter in July 2016.

Upon arrival, Juno will study the giant planet in orbit within a year of planet Earth. The mission will help scientists better understand how and when Jupiter was born. This information can discover how the process of planet formation and evolution of our solar system.

"We will also study Jupiter's material form," said Scott Bolton, Juno principal investigator of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, USA, as quoted on page, August 7, 2011. "We're trying to understand the structure in it, and how terbentu. This will help us figure out what happened in the past that makes us all to be," he said.

Until now, researchers suspect that since the beginning, Jupiter is a planet that greedy. She swallowed most of the gas and dust in the solar system after the Sun formed.

As a result, Jupiter was the king of the planets of the solar system. He mastered twice the mass of what existed in the solar system if the merged company (except Sun) However, little is known by scientists around the giant planet.

For example, researchers could not confirm if the planet has a solid core of heavy elements, or is made of gas. And certainly, it is also clear how and where Jupiter formed.

The Juno mission of USD 1.1 billion were designed to investigate this and other mysteries. After taking place in the planet's elliptical orbit within five years, the Juno spacecraft will study the atmosphere and the composition of Jupiter, but also mapped the magnetic field and gravity.
Water Research
Juno will also measure the water content in a dense atmosphere of Jupiter that rotate to learn more about the birth of the planet. As we know, Jupiter is wet enough to indicate that the planets formed from the Sun and then migrated to the current position after its founding.

"We will use the detectors gelombangmikro and flew just above Jupiter's clouds and look down on clouds of different thicknesses to measure the amount of water," said Fran Bagenal, Juno co-researcher at the University of Colorado.
"Like a CT scan, but thick clouds of Jupiter," Bagenal said.


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